Plicomas, also known as swollen anal papillae or anal skin tags,

What are Plicomas?

They are soft skin protrusions that form around the area near the anus. These growths are mostly harmless and non-cancerous. Plicomas can come in various sizes and shapes, often resembling small folds of skin.

The appearance of anal skin tags can result from various factors, such as straining during bowel movements, chronic constipation, inflammation in the anal area, or hemorrhoids. Although they mostly don't cause pain, some individuals might experience discomfort or irritation if the skin tags become inflamed or rub against clothing.

While anal skin tags themselves are usually not a cause for concern, it's essential that any new growth in the anal area be evaluated by a medical professional to rule out more serious conditions, such as tumors. If anal skin tags cause significant discomfort or impact the quality of life, treatment options like surgical removal or therapies to alleviate symptoms may be recommended.

Procedure to Remove a Plicoma

Cutting and Suturing: The most common method is surgical excision, in which the plicoma is cut out using medical tools. Subsequently, the wound will be closed with sutures that will dissolve over time or will need to be removed in a later visit.

Electrocauterization: In this procedure, an electrical instrument is used to simultaneously cut and cauterize (burn) the plicoma. This helps to stop bleeding and reduces the risk of infection.

Cryotherapy: In some cases, liquid nitrogen can be used to freeze and destroy the plicoma. The treated area will form a scab and eventually fall off.

Postoperative Care: After the procedure, you will be provided with instructions regarding wound care, hygiene, and infection prevention. It's important to follow these guidelines to ensure proper recovery.

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