It is the accumulation of purulent material in the perianal area.


What is a perianal abscess?

An perianal abscess is a buildup of pus that forms near the anus, specifically in the tissue surrounding the anal region. This condition is caused by a bacterial infection in the anal glands, which are located in the anal area and have the function of lubricating the anal canal during defecation.

When one of these glands becomes blocked due to various reasons such as constipation, inflammation, or bacterial presence, a sac filled with pus can form, which is known as a perianal abscess.

The characteristic symptoms of a perianal abscess include intense pain in the affected area, swelling, redness, tenderness to touch, fever, and general discomfort. In some cases, the abscess can spontaneously drain towards the nearby skin, providing temporary relief but not addressing the underlying issue.

Procedure to remove a perianal abscess

This treatment usually involves an incision and surgical drainage of the pus sac to eliminate the infection. The procedure is as follows:

1. Medical Evaluation: If you suspect you have a perianal abscess or experience symptoms such as intense pain, swelling, and fever, it is essential to seek medical attention.

2. Preparation: Before surgery, you will be provided with information about the procedure and given instructions regarding fasting and other necessary preparations.

3. Anesthesia: Before starting the surgery, anesthesia will be administered to ensure you do not feel pain during the procedure.

4. Incision and Drainage: An incision will be made in the area of the abscess to open and drain the pus sac. This allows the infection to be drained, relieving pressure and pain.

5. Cleaning and Healing: After draining the abscess, the affected area will be cleaned to remove any infected material.

6. Dressing and Postoperative Care: A dressing will be applied to the intervened area to protect the wound. You will be provided with instructions on how to care for the wound at home, including how to change the dressing and maintain proper hygiene.

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